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    Nudie Jeans, a Swedish environment conscious fashion retailer mostly sells denim and jeans. They offer sustainable denims which are made with strict follow up to ensure sustainable materials, production and chemicals to reduce environmental impact.

     

    Sustainable Materials:

    sustainable, material, productNudie Jeans offers timeless designed Denims for their customer and they feel the longevity of jeans pair needs to be more rather than going for circular fashion. Consumers use jeans daily and keep them over the time as the garments last long. Nudie Jeans believes that denim is a material that grows more beautiful with time. Starting with a pair of dry denim and wearing them every day will produce the most beautiful and personal wear and tear and the jeans will tell the story of the life you spent wearing them. 

    There is a sustainable Material Tool, based on Made By’s Environmental Benchmark for Fibers and the Higg Materials Sustainability Index (MSI), to guide the designers and product developers to achieve Nudie Jeans goal to work with 100% sustainable materials.

    As sustainable materials Nudie Jeans used below listed items to produce their products.

    • Organic Cotton
    • Fair Trade Cotton
    • Recycled Polyester
    • Recycled Cotton (PCW)
    • Sustainable Metal Trims
    • Paper patch instead of leather

    Reused Denim:


    jeans, denim, used, old, recycleRecycling cotton on fiber stage is one way to be more sustainable and decrease the environmental impact. But reusing the actual fabric and garment is an even better option in terms of sustainability. Selling and using old Nudie Jeans brought in by customers, in different ways. The majority becomes patches used in the repair service, but also using the fabric from old Nudie jeans to make new products, such as the bucket hats for example. Also selling turned in jeans as pre-loved Re-use jeans in the Repair Shops. During 2019 a new recycled project was started where fabrics were produced with 20% post consumer waste (PCW) that is called Rebirth.

    Rebirth: Made with post-consumer recycled Nudie Jeans.
    They work with the notion that ‘throwaway’ and ‘jeans’ are two words that do not belong together. Offering free repairs as well as collecting, repairing and reselling second-hand Nudie Jeans, are initiatives which keeps them true to their philosophy.

    The aim of these initiatives is to keep the jeans in use for as long as possible. But as much as we try, fine tuning our craft and our services on offer, not all jeans cannot be brought back to life. For the Rebirth denim they had to take a different approach by doing the next best thing through recycling the jeans into new garments.

    Chemicals:

    To produce textile and apparel products chemicals are required but Nudie Jeans is strict to follow the RSL list and get them signed back from the manufacturers. They follow the rules and regulations set up by EU legislation whether the factories are in or out side the Europe. Their intention to decrease the harmful chemicals and to increase the use of better chemicals. They are only working with the manufacturing facilities who have approved Effluent Treatment Plant and they believe the wastewater is the prime carrier of harmful chemicals into water bodies.


    Free Repairs:

    jeans, denims, old, used, repairedNudie Jeans takes care of the product once they sold to their customer. They offer free repair of old used jeans to the customer which means a new version of loved jeans get by the consumers. They have established own repair shop at most required places where consumers can get free repair service what they bought from Nudie Jeans.
    In 2018 they repaired 55,173 pairs of jeans, which means they saved 65 730 kg of clothes. That's an increase of 12% up on 2017. If each person who repaired their jeans had decided to buy a new pair, the production of these jeans would demand 386,000 tons of water, an amount that would fill 154 Olympic swimming pools.


    Repair Kit:

    If anybody does not find any repair shop nearby they can offer a repair kit through online which is also free.

    Nudie Jeans is trying to keep their sign at every stage of sustainability to produce jeans and helping the environment at a vast level.

    Nudie Jeans Offers Sustainable Denims Made With Organic Cotton and Recycle Polyester

    Posted by Sustainable Denim No comments

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    Nudie Jeans, a Swedish environment conscious fashion retailer mostly sells denim and jeans. They offer sustainable denims which are made with strict follow up to ensure sustainable materials, production and chemicals to reduce environmental impact.

     

    Sustainable Materials:

    sustainable, material, productNudie Jeans offers timeless designed Denims for their customer and they feel the longevity of jeans pair needs to be more rather than going for circular fashion. Consumers use jeans daily and keep them over the time as the garments last long. Nudie Jeans believes that denim is a material that grows more beautiful with time. Starting with a pair of dry denim and wearing them every day will produce the most beautiful and personal wear and tear and the jeans will tell the story of the life you spent wearing them. 

    There is a sustainable Material Tool, based on Made By’s Environmental Benchmark for Fibers and the Higg Materials Sustainability Index (MSI), to guide the designers and product developers to achieve Nudie Jeans goal to work with 100% sustainable materials.

    As sustainable materials Nudie Jeans used below listed items to produce their products.

    • Organic Cotton
    • Fair Trade Cotton
    • Recycled Polyester
    • Recycled Cotton (PCW)
    • Sustainable Metal Trims
    • Paper patch instead of leather

    Reused Denim:


    jeans, denim, used, old, recycleRecycling cotton on fiber stage is one way to be more sustainable and decrease the environmental impact. But reusing the actual fabric and garment is an even better option in terms of sustainability. Selling and using old Nudie Jeans brought in by customers, in different ways. The majority becomes patches used in the repair service, but also using the fabric from old Nudie jeans to make new products, such as the bucket hats for example. Also selling turned in jeans as pre-loved Re-use jeans in the Repair Shops. During 2019 a new recycled project was started where fabrics were produced with 20% post consumer waste (PCW) that is called Rebirth.

    Rebirth: Made with post-consumer recycled Nudie Jeans.
    They work with the notion that ‘throwaway’ and ‘jeans’ are two words that do not belong together. Offering free repairs as well as collecting, repairing and reselling second-hand Nudie Jeans, are initiatives which keeps them true to their philosophy.

    The aim of these initiatives is to keep the jeans in use for as long as possible. But as much as we try, fine tuning our craft and our services on offer, not all jeans cannot be brought back to life. For the Rebirth denim they had to take a different approach by doing the next best thing through recycling the jeans into new garments.

    Chemicals:

    To produce textile and apparel products chemicals are required but Nudie Jeans is strict to follow the RSL list and get them signed back from the manufacturers. They follow the rules and regulations set up by EU legislation whether the factories are in or out side the Europe. Their intention to decrease the harmful chemicals and to increase the use of better chemicals. They are only working with the manufacturing facilities who have approved Effluent Treatment Plant and they believe the wastewater is the prime carrier of harmful chemicals into water bodies.


    Free Repairs:

    jeans, denims, old, used, repairedNudie Jeans takes care of the product once they sold to their customer. They offer free repair of old used jeans to the customer which means a new version of loved jeans get by the consumers. They have established own repair shop at most required places where consumers can get free repair service what they bought from Nudie Jeans.
    In 2018 they repaired 55,173 pairs of jeans, which means they saved 65 730 kg of clothes. That's an increase of 12% up on 2017. If each person who repaired their jeans had decided to buy a new pair, the production of these jeans would demand 386,000 tons of water, an amount that would fill 154 Olympic swimming pools.


    Repair Kit:

    If anybody does not find any repair shop nearby they can offer a repair kit through online which is also free.

    Nudie Jeans is trying to keep their sign at every stage of sustainability to produce jeans and helping the environment at a vast level.

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    Denim is a durable fabric that is used to make blue jeans and can use after numerous home laundry. The appeal and comfort using faded jeans remain same even after years. But every product has a final stage to go out from your wardrobe. Without throwing out your jeans to landfill you can redesign it to transform other crafts or home appliances.

    It will save huge amount of jeans to be left in the landfill and save money if you would buy the appliances from outside. All these crafts are made by recycled and up-cycled denim to make the fashion circular.


    Denim Bracelet made by used faded jeans.

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    Owl made by used jeans



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    Full Fashion made by used denim.

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    Bed sheets and pillow made by used denims.

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    Denim Chairs made by up-cycle jeans.

    up-cycle denim, chairold denim

    Denim bags made by cutting from different used jeans.
     
    ladies, bag, used denim used denim, bags



    Denims slippers and sandals for women. 

    Making Small Crafts and Home Appliances From Used Denim | Denim Redesign

    Posted by Sustainable Denim No comments

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    Denim is a durable fabric that is used to make blue jeans and can use after numerous home laundry. The appeal and comfort using faded jeans remain same even after years. But every product has a final stage to go out from your wardrobe. Without throwing out your jeans to landfill you can redesign it to transform other crafts or home appliances.

    It will save huge amount of jeans to be left in the landfill and save money if you would buy the appliances from outside. All these crafts are made by recycled and up-cycled denim to make the fashion circular.


    Denim Bracelet made by used faded jeans.

    craft, used denim, bracelet


    Owl made by used jeans



    denim owlused jeans, owl


    Full Fashion made by used denim.

    circular fashion, denimused denim



    Bed sheets and pillow made by used denims.

    used denim, bet sheetpillow, old denim



    Denim Chairs made by up-cycle jeans.

    up-cycle denim, chairold denim

    Denim bags made by cutting from different used jeans.
     
    ladies, bag, used denim used denim, bags



    Denims slippers and sandals for women. 

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    The way Jeans are produced causing huge negative impact with waste and pollution. But there are some ways that can be done together with fabric mills, fashion brands and garment manufacturers to produce jeans that last longer, that can be remade into new jeans at the end of their use, and are made in ways which are better for the environment and the people that make them.



    Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a British circular economy charity’s initiated The Jeans Redesign program to make fashion circular in July, 2019.The Jeans Redesign project gives guidelines to set out minimum needs on cloth durability, material heath, recycle-ability and traceability. In order to follow the principles of circular economy, the guidelines will work to ensure Jeans last longer, can easily be recycled and are made in a way that is good for the environment and the health of human who are working here.The Jeans Redesign – created by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s Make Fashion Circular initiative – brought together more than 40 denim experts from academia, brands, retailers, manufacturers, collectors, sorters, and NGOs, to develop the Guidelines.

    All about the guidelines:

    There are obvious requirement for health, safety and rights to the people involved in all parts of the fashion industry along with the working conditions improvement in manufacturing facilities globally. The guidelines provide minimum requirements for jeans on durability, material health, recycle-ability, and traceability.

    Durability

    1.     Jeans should withstand a minimum of 30 home laundries, while still meeting the minimum quality requirements of the brands.
    2.     Garments should include labels with clear information on product care.

    Material Health

    1.     Jeans should be produced using cellulose fibers from regenerative, organic or transitional farming methods.
    2.     Jeans should be free of hazardous chemicals(ZDHC comply) and conventional electroplating. Stone finishing, potassium permanganate (PP), and sandblasting are prohibit.

    Recycle-ability

    1.     Jeans should be made with a minimum of 98% cellulose fibers (by weight).
    2.     Metal rivets should be designed out, or reduced to a minimum.
    3.     Any additional material added to the jeans, should be easy to disassemble.

    Traceability
    1.     Information that confirms each element of the Guideline requirements has been met should be made easily available.
    2.     Organizations that meet the requirements will be granted permission to use the Jeans Redesign Logo on jeans produced in line with the Guidelines.
    3.     Jeans Redesign Logo use will be reassessed annually, based on compliance with reporting requirements.

    The guidelines build on existing efforts to improve jeans production, including the open-source guide created following C&A and Fashion For Good’s joint initiative to develop C2C Gold Certified jeans. 

    The Participants:

    Participants who joined in the beginning are Arvind Limited, Vero Moda, Boyish Jeans, C&A, Gap, Hirdaramani, H&M Group, HNST, Kipas, Lee, Mud Jeans, Outerknown, Reformation, Saitex and Tommy Hilfiger.
    denim, jeans, redesign, sustainable denim, circular fashion 
     Fabric mills joining the program are Advance Denim Mill, Artistic Milliners, Cone Denim, House of Gold through Blue Diamond: Xingtai H&J Textiles Co., Prosperity Textiles and Soorty. 

    The garment manufacturers who joined recently here DEMCO, Denim Expert Ltd, Denim Village and Frontline.

    The latest brand participants also include BAM Bamboo Clothing, Blue of a Kind, Fairblue Jeans, Frank and Oak and Outland Denim.

    The number of companies joining here are increasing day by day means the appetite in the industry for practical solutions that support the transition to a thriving fashion industry where all the garments will be last longer and made from safer and renewable materials. 

    References:
    1. https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/our-work/activities/make-fashion-circular/projects/the-jeans-redesign.
    2. http://denimexpert.com/blog/denim-expert-limited-as-the-1st-bangladeshi-company-joins-the-jeans-redesign/
    3. https://sourcingjournal.com/denim/denim-mills/denim-mills-jeans-redesign-sustainability-initiative-ellen-macarthur-foundation-guess-182716/

    The Jeans Redesign To Make Fashion Cicular | Run Through Circular Economy

    Posted by Sustainable Denim No comments

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    The way Jeans are produced causing huge negative impact with waste and pollution. But there are some ways that can be done together with fabric mills, fashion brands and garment manufacturers to produce jeans that last longer, that can be remade into new jeans at the end of their use, and are made in ways which are better for the environment and the people that make them.



    Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a British circular economy charity’s initiated The Jeans Redesign program to make fashion circular in July, 2019.The Jeans Redesign project gives guidelines to set out minimum needs on cloth durability, material heath, recycle-ability and traceability. In order to follow the principles of circular economy, the guidelines will work to ensure Jeans last longer, can easily be recycled and are made in a way that is good for the environment and the health of human who are working here.The Jeans Redesign – created by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s Make Fashion Circular initiative – brought together more than 40 denim experts from academia, brands, retailers, manufacturers, collectors, sorters, and NGOs, to develop the Guidelines.

    All about the guidelines:

    There are obvious requirement for health, safety and rights to the people involved in all parts of the fashion industry along with the working conditions improvement in manufacturing facilities globally. The guidelines provide minimum requirements for jeans on durability, material health, recycle-ability, and traceability.

    Durability

    1.     Jeans should withstand a minimum of 30 home laundries, while still meeting the minimum quality requirements of the brands.
    2.     Garments should include labels with clear information on product care.

    Material Health

    1.     Jeans should be produced using cellulose fibers from regenerative, organic or transitional farming methods.
    2.     Jeans should be free of hazardous chemicals(ZDHC comply) and conventional electroplating. Stone finishing, potassium permanganate (PP), and sandblasting are prohibit.

    Recycle-ability

    1.     Jeans should be made with a minimum of 98% cellulose fibers (by weight).
    2.     Metal rivets should be designed out, or reduced to a minimum.
    3.     Any additional material added to the jeans, should be easy to disassemble.

    Traceability
    1.     Information that confirms each element of the Guideline requirements has been met should be made easily available.
    2.     Organizations that meet the requirements will be granted permission to use the Jeans Redesign Logo on jeans produced in line with the Guidelines.
    3.     Jeans Redesign Logo use will be reassessed annually, based on compliance with reporting requirements.

    The guidelines build on existing efforts to improve jeans production, including the open-source guide created following C&A and Fashion For Good’s joint initiative to develop C2C Gold Certified jeans. 

    The Participants:

    Participants who joined in the beginning are Arvind Limited, Vero Moda, Boyish Jeans, C&A, Gap, Hirdaramani, H&M Group, HNST, Kipas, Lee, Mud Jeans, Outerknown, Reformation, Saitex and Tommy Hilfiger.
    denim, jeans, redesign, sustainable denim, circular fashion 
     Fabric mills joining the program are Advance Denim Mill, Artistic Milliners, Cone Denim, House of Gold through Blue Diamond: Xingtai H&J Textiles Co., Prosperity Textiles and Soorty. 

    The garment manufacturers who joined recently here DEMCO, Denim Expert Ltd, Denim Village and Frontline.

    The latest brand participants also include BAM Bamboo Clothing, Blue of a Kind, Fairblue Jeans, Frank and Oak and Outland Denim.

    The number of companies joining here are increasing day by day means the appetite in the industry for practical solutions that support the transition to a thriving fashion industry where all the garments will be last longer and made from safer and renewable materials. 

    References:
    1. https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/our-work/activities/make-fashion-circular/projects/the-jeans-redesign.
    2. http://denimexpert.com/blog/denim-expert-limited-as-the-1st-bangladeshi-company-joins-the-jeans-redesign/
    3. https://sourcingjournal.com/denim/denim-mills/denim-mills-jeans-redesign-sustainability-initiative-ellen-macarthur-foundation-guess-182716/
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    sustainable, denim, jeansDenim is an iconic product having versatile dynamic features that is used to make jeans and popular among people of all ages as most contemporary fashion. Every wardrobes have some pair of blue jeans made from indigo dyed denim fabric. It gives good fit, comfort and most noticeable fashion look while making a blue jeans. But the process of producing blue jeans is environmentally costly. As per report of National Geographic Magazine, 11000 liters of water is required from fiber cultivation to finishing process in washing to produce a single pair of blue jeans. Also it takes almost a pound of chemicals and significant amount of electricity.

    To curb this huge consumption of resources many brands and retailers are focusing on Eco-friendly denim processing. In all around of denim processing, the dyeing steps take significant amount of water and it discharges contaminated water into nearby water body that is harmful for environment and aquatic lives.



    What is the method of conventional or Traditional denim dyeing?

    Conventional Denim Dyeing:

    coventional denim, traditional denim dyeingIn conventional denim dyeing machine set up is longer longer with multiple machines and it likes to take almost half a mile. In this process 12-15 dyeing vats are required based on the demand of color depth and 5-7 washing bath for cleaning purposes. It is a long chain and use significant amount of water with chemicals.

    indogo, moleculesIn the conventional methods, indigo dyes are used to achieve the color. Indigo dyes are not water soluble and it's dye molecules are combined with each other thus it can't be penetrated into the core of the fiber. Thus the indigo molecules are needed to be reduced by strong reducing agent Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) and it becomes negative charges. During this period the indigo dye molecules become yellow color changing from blue and the fiber absorbs the colors. Then the dyed yarns are passed openly for next dye vats and here the molecules are oxidized by the atmospheric oxygen and turn its original blue color.
    Indigo dyes help to color the fiber very slowly thus it requires more number of dyeing vats. Due to this a huge amount of waste water is generated with the contamination of Sulfide ions. Then it is passed through washing baths for cleaning and removing unfix dyes from the surface of the yarns.

    What is the method of advanced denim technology?

    Advanced Denim Technology:

    denim, jeans, dyeingIn advanced denim technology only 3-5 dyeing vats are needed instead of 12-15 dyeing vats. In this method denims are dyed with Sulfur dyes instead of indigo. Sulfur can give quick shades to the fiber with various cast. It will give the same color as indigo gives but in different methods. Sulfur has no oxygen group but it has functional group that is called thiol (-OH).

    sulfur, dye, blue, denimAt the first step, the sulfur dye molecules are reduced and give negative charges, at that time it becomes yellow color instead of blue. At the second step the dyed yarns are passed openly to the next dyeing vats and then it is oxidized by atmospheric oxygen and turned into original color. The molecules are then built link with each other with strong ionic bondage, thus the color fastness criteria improves and the jeans keep same color longer.

    denim, sustainable, dyeing
    This advance denim can cut the amount of water used to produce a pair of jeans by up to 92 percent while requiring up to 30 percent less energy than conventional denim manufacturing methods. Additionally, the process is claimed to generate up to 87 percent less cotton waste, which is often burned sending CO2 and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and produces virtually no waste-water.

    If just a quarter of the world’s jeans were dyed using the Advanced Denim process, around 2.5 billion gallons (9.46 billion liters) of water would be saved every year – enough to cover the needs of 1.7 million people annually. It would also prevent the release of 8.3 million cubic meters of wastewater, and save up to 220 million kilowatt hours of electricity.


    References:
    • https://newatlas.com/advanced-denim/23023/
    • http://www.advancedenim.com/
    • https://www.archroma.com/solutions/coloration-denim-casual-wear

    Advanced Denim Technology - Ahead of Waterless Denim Dyeing

    Posted by Sustainable Denim 2 comments

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    sustainable, denim, jeansDenim is an iconic product having versatile dynamic features that is used to make jeans and popular among people of all ages as most contemporary fashion. Every wardrobes have some pair of blue jeans made from indigo dyed denim fabric. It gives good fit, comfort and most noticeable fashion look while making a blue jeans. But the process of producing blue jeans is environmentally costly. As per report of National Geographic Magazine, 11000 liters of water is required from fiber cultivation to finishing process in washing to produce a single pair of blue jeans. Also it takes almost a pound of chemicals and significant amount of electricity.

    To curb this huge consumption of resources many brands and retailers are focusing on Eco-friendly denim processing. In all around of denim processing, the dyeing steps take significant amount of water and it discharges contaminated water into nearby water body that is harmful for environment and aquatic lives.



    What is the method of conventional or Traditional denim dyeing?

    Conventional Denim Dyeing:

    coventional denim, traditional denim dyeingIn conventional denim dyeing machine set up is longer longer with multiple machines and it likes to take almost half a mile. In this process 12-15 dyeing vats are required based on the demand of color depth and 5-7 washing bath for cleaning purposes. It is a long chain and use significant amount of water with chemicals.

    indogo, moleculesIn the conventional methods, indigo dyes are used to achieve the color. Indigo dyes are not water soluble and it's dye molecules are combined with each other thus it can't be penetrated into the core of the fiber. Thus the indigo molecules are needed to be reduced by strong reducing agent Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) and it becomes negative charges. During this period the indigo dye molecules become yellow color changing from blue and the fiber absorbs the colors. Then the dyed yarns are passed openly for next dye vats and here the molecules are oxidized by the atmospheric oxygen and turn its original blue color.
    Indigo dyes help to color the fiber very slowly thus it requires more number of dyeing vats. Due to this a huge amount of waste water is generated with the contamination of Sulfide ions. Then it is passed through washing baths for cleaning and removing unfix dyes from the surface of the yarns.

    What is the method of advanced denim technology?

    Advanced Denim Technology:

    denim, jeans, dyeingIn advanced denim technology only 3-5 dyeing vats are needed instead of 12-15 dyeing vats. In this method denims are dyed with Sulfur dyes instead of indigo. Sulfur can give quick shades to the fiber with various cast. It will give the same color as indigo gives but in different methods. Sulfur has no oxygen group but it has functional group that is called thiol (-OH).

    sulfur, dye, blue, denimAt the first step, the sulfur dye molecules are reduced and give negative charges, at that time it becomes yellow color instead of blue. At the second step the dyed yarns are passed openly to the next dyeing vats and then it is oxidized by atmospheric oxygen and turned into original color. The molecules are then built link with each other with strong ionic bondage, thus the color fastness criteria improves and the jeans keep same color longer.

    denim, sustainable, dyeing
    This advance denim can cut the amount of water used to produce a pair of jeans by up to 92 percent while requiring up to 30 percent less energy than conventional denim manufacturing methods. Additionally, the process is claimed to generate up to 87 percent less cotton waste, which is often burned sending CO2 and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and produces virtually no waste-water.

    If just a quarter of the world’s jeans were dyed using the Advanced Denim process, around 2.5 billion gallons (9.46 billion liters) of water would be saved every year – enough to cover the needs of 1.7 million people annually. It would also prevent the release of 8.3 million cubic meters of wastewater, and save up to 220 million kilowatt hours of electricity.


    References:
    • https://newatlas.com/advanced-denim/23023/
    • http://www.advancedenim.com/
    • https://www.archroma.com/solutions/coloration-denim-casual-wear
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    greener textile, sustainable denim, sustainable jeansDenim is virtually popular fashion across the globe for all ages. Denim fabric is using to make jeans, cargo bottom, shirts, jackets, skirts, and even shoes. Every wardrobe has some pair of blue jeans, the most important factors for the attraction of blue jeans are the fit and comfort. On an average 7 pairs of jeans are used by each women in USA at a time thus the consumption and popularity of this item is easily imagined. But this Denim industry is the most notorious due to its huge negative impact on the environment. This industry is also known as most dirty industry in the world which has been established mostly in the third world countries like China, India and Bangladesh where manufacturers forget about the environmental responsibility and ethics. 


    To get rid of huge impact on environment this polluted industry need transformation into greener production facility through innovation. Environmentally responsible denim production has been started already with the intention of reducing impact and make the denim more sustainable. So the concept green denim production is a demand of new fashion trend.

    What is Green Denim?

    It does not mean the cast color of denim is green but the process through which denim production ensures minimal use of water, save energy, use of organic dyes and minimizes the denim waste. The concept "Blue goes Green" is a popular one for it's sustainability aspect of producing denim. 

    How does denim industry impact negatively on environment?


    A report released by National Geography that says 11,000 liters water is used to produce one pair Jeans from raw material production to denim finishing process. Denim production consumes huge amount of energy and hazardous chemicals which causes great health issues of denim workers. 

    Dyeing of yarns for denim fabric production discharges huge amount of colored water into the adjacent water bodies. Report says, some of rivers water color in Mexco turns into blue that causes threat to the plant of the deep water as they need sunlight which is hindered by the blue color of water.

    sustainable jeans, green jeans, green denims, blue jeansGreen aspect of blue denim:

    The latest innovations that go soft on the environment include dyeing methods that save water and energy and result in less waste. Contemporary denim manufacturers use comparatively eco-friendly concentrated sulphur dyes. The chemical structure of sulphur dyes helps them to bond better with cotton. This method does not involve rinsing. Instead, the dye is oxidised with effective fixing agents to make it stay on the denim. In contrast to conventional indigo dyeing, this method saves approximately 92 per cent of water, 87 per cent of cotton waste and 30 per cent of energy. More enzymes are used in the denim finishing process. This process not only improves the final product, it also results in less energy consumption and less pollution.

    On July 16, The Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a nonprofit focused on the circular economy and sustainable practices, released a set of guidelines called the "Jeans Redesign," which strives to address waste within the denim industry by setting minimum requirements around materials, durability and more.

    Some of the reputed big brands are considering their denim production in a environmental friendly way. Recently, Wrangler, Madewell and Gap signing on to participate in the foundation's call for more sustainable denim. Wrangler is working to reduce the energy required to dye its denim products, Madewell released a line of fair trade-certified denim, and Gap is working to achieve 100% sustainably-sourced cotton for its denim items by 2025.

    Swedish retail giant H&M also launched jeans made from recycled, donated clothing. This range of denim utilises 20 per cent recycled cotton, which is the uppermost limit that can be used without impacting the quality of the finished product.

    Another Swedish brand KappAhl has announced they are selling 100% sustainable denims since Fall Winter 2019 and it is continuing by following seasons also.

    0he brand has also launched denim made from plastic bottles. Swedish label Nudie jeans has also launched post-recycled denim rugs. The brand also uses 100 per cent organic fabric to produce variety of denim articles like jeans, bags, shirts, et al. The zero water technology, ozone processing for lighter shades, laser wash that uses no water at all and increased use of less toxic chemicals in denim, are some of the ways in which denim is transforming into a green industry.  

    The denim brand Boyish has a top-to-bottom sustainability model, including a manufacturing process that uses one-third the typical amount of water in production—all of which is then recycled and reused. 

    Laura Alexander, the founder of sustainable marketplace Brightly, says it is good that big brands started to get on board with more eco-friendly practices around denim, but that part of the responsibility falls on the consumer. So consumer needs to support and purchase from the brands who is paying more to takes sustainable denim into the market and keep a sustainable footprint. Let kick the fast fashion trend and take your cloths considering circular fashion economy to keep the world green for next generation.

    References:

    • https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/7533/blue-goes-green-new-approach-to-make-denim-eco-friendly
    • https://www.textiletoday.com.bd/the-role-of-technology-in-denim-production/
    • https://www.forbes.com/sites/kaleighmoore/2019/07/19/can-fashion-retailers-implement-sustainable-practices-as-demand-for-denim-grows/#1728ec95edaa
    • https://www.nationalgeographic.com
    • denimdevelopment.blogspot.com 

    Greener Denim Production to Make Blue Jeans | Green Aspect of Blue Denim

    Posted by Sustainable Denim No comments

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    greener textile, sustainable denim, sustainable jeansDenim is virtually popular fashion across the globe for all ages. Denim fabric is using to make jeans, cargo bottom, shirts, jackets, skirts, and even shoes. Every wardrobe has some pair of blue jeans, the most important factors for the attraction of blue jeans are the fit and comfort. On an average 7 pairs of jeans are used by each women in USA at a time thus the consumption and popularity of this item is easily imagined. But this Denim industry is the most notorious due to its huge negative impact on the environment. This industry is also known as most dirty industry in the world which has been established mostly in the third world countries like China, India and Bangladesh where manufacturers forget about the environmental responsibility and ethics. 


    To get rid of huge impact on environment this polluted industry need transformation into greener production facility through innovation. Environmentally responsible denim production has been started already with the intention of reducing impact and make the denim more sustainable. So the concept green denim production is a demand of new fashion trend.

    What is Green Denim?

    It does not mean the cast color of denim is green but the process through which denim production ensures minimal use of water, save energy, use of organic dyes and minimizes the denim waste. The concept "Blue goes Green" is a popular one for it's sustainability aspect of producing denim. 

    How does denim industry impact negatively on environment?


    A report released by National Geography that says 11,000 liters water is used to produce one pair Jeans from raw material production to denim finishing process. Denim production consumes huge amount of energy and hazardous chemicals which causes great health issues of denim workers. 

    Dyeing of yarns for denim fabric production discharges huge amount of colored water into the adjacent water bodies. Report says, some of rivers water color in Mexco turns into blue that causes threat to the plant of the deep water as they need sunlight which is hindered by the blue color of water.

    sustainable jeans, green jeans, green denims, blue jeansGreen aspect of blue denim:

    The latest innovations that go soft on the environment include dyeing methods that save water and energy and result in less waste. Contemporary denim manufacturers use comparatively eco-friendly concentrated sulphur dyes. The chemical structure of sulphur dyes helps them to bond better with cotton. This method does not involve rinsing. Instead, the dye is oxidised with effective fixing agents to make it stay on the denim. In contrast to conventional indigo dyeing, this method saves approximately 92 per cent of water, 87 per cent of cotton waste and 30 per cent of energy. More enzymes are used in the denim finishing process. This process not only improves the final product, it also results in less energy consumption and less pollution.

    On July 16, The Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a nonprofit focused on the circular economy and sustainable practices, released a set of guidelines called the "Jeans Redesign," which strives to address waste within the denim industry by setting minimum requirements around materials, durability and more.

    Some of the reputed big brands are considering their denim production in a environmental friendly way. Recently, Wrangler, Madewell and Gap signing on to participate in the foundation's call for more sustainable denim. Wrangler is working to reduce the energy required to dye its denim products, Madewell released a line of fair trade-certified denim, and Gap is working to achieve 100% sustainably-sourced cotton for its denim items by 2025.

    Swedish retail giant H&M also launched jeans made from recycled, donated clothing. This range of denim utilises 20 per cent recycled cotton, which is the uppermost limit that can be used without impacting the quality of the finished product.

    Another Swedish brand KappAhl has announced they are selling 100% sustainable denims since Fall Winter 2019 and it is continuing by following seasons also.

    0he brand has also launched denim made from plastic bottles. Swedish label Nudie jeans has also launched post-recycled denim rugs. The brand also uses 100 per cent organic fabric to produce variety of denim articles like jeans, bags, shirts, et al. The zero water technology, ozone processing for lighter shades, laser wash that uses no water at all and increased use of less toxic chemicals in denim, are some of the ways in which denim is transforming into a green industry.  

    The denim brand Boyish has a top-to-bottom sustainability model, including a manufacturing process that uses one-third the typical amount of water in production—all of which is then recycled and reused. 

    Laura Alexander, the founder of sustainable marketplace Brightly, says it is good that big brands started to get on board with more eco-friendly practices around denim, but that part of the responsibility falls on the consumer. So consumer needs to support and purchase from the brands who is paying more to takes sustainable denim into the market and keep a sustainable footprint. Let kick the fast fashion trend and take your cloths considering circular fashion economy to keep the world green for next generation.

    References:

    • https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/7533/blue-goes-green-new-approach-to-make-denim-eco-friendly
    • https://www.textiletoday.com.bd/the-role-of-technology-in-denim-production/
    • https://www.forbes.com/sites/kaleighmoore/2019/07/19/can-fashion-retailers-implement-sustainable-practices-as-demand-for-denim-grows/#1728ec95edaa
    • https://www.nationalgeographic.com
    • denimdevelopment.blogspot.com 
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    circular fashion
    By 2030 the world population will reach at 9 billion thus the natural will strive to meet the human demands and environment will receive huge negative impact of industrialization. The aim of the concept circular fashion is to ensure that the garments are made from safe and renewable materials and the old garments are processed into a new one.


     

    What is Circular Fashion?

    Dr Anna Brismar‘Circular fashion’ can be defined as clothes, shoes or accessories that are designed, sourced, produced and provided with the intention to be used and circulate responsibly and effectively in society for as long as possible in their most valuable form, and hereafter return safely to the biosphere when no longer of human use

    It is a somewhat broader term that ‘sustainable fashion’, as circular fashion combines the principles of both sustainability and circularity,” says Dr Anna Brismar.

    The concept ‘circular fashion’ was first introduced and used in 2014 by two persons, almost simultaneously and independently of each other. One of them was Dr. Anna Brismar, head and owner of the Swedish consultancy firm Green Strategy. Dr. Brismar used the term circular fashion for the first time in June 2014 at an early project meeting when planning for a sustainable fashion event in central Stockholm (thereafter named CIRCULAR FASHION – SHOW & TALK 2014).

    The another person was Felix Ockborn, at the time environmental sustainability coordinator for H&M in Stockholm. Felix used the term ‘circular fashion’ in its Swedish form, in his presentation Cirkulärt mode i globala värdekedjor at a seminar during Almedalsveckan on July 2, 2014.

     

    The Importance of Circular Fashion?

    Sustainability has never been important to consumers, nor to the fashion industry. But the new generation cares about the planet; and don’t want small animals to be choking on plastics they find in the oceans.

    Approximately 300,000 tones of unused clothes are binned, not recycled, every year across the globe. American Citizens only through their used cloths and other textiles to landfill which is approximately 26 billion pounds. Britain alone is expected to send 235million pieces of clothing to landfill every year.But the majority of aforementioned items could have been re-worn, reused or recycled.

    In order to consider it, a relatively unknown term is currently being introduced around the industry claiming to be the answer – circular fashion. It relates with the term circular economy concept (a new business model) - an economic system aimed at minimizing waste and ensuring the best use of resources. It challenges fashion’s linear production line that ends with clothes being discarded in landfill.

    Fast Fashion VS Circular Fashion:

    Fast fashion is a modern-day phenomenon. It follows a “take-make-dispose” pattern, and enables companies to market more, manufacturers to produce more, and consumers to purchase the new trends at cheap price. It seems a win-win situation but until we consider the true consequence of it.Fashion Fashion CycleCircular Fashion Wheel
                     Fast Fashion Cycle                                                           Circular Fashion Wheel
    A circular fashion industry is one that has a regenerative system in which cloths are circulated for as long as their maximum value is retained, and then returned safely to the biosphere when they are no longer of human use.

    Is circular fashion a new trend?

    The answer is “No”, it is a concept.

    The main goal of this initiative is to encourage the collaboration among the leaders of the textile industry, brands, innovators and stakeholders to move towards a circular fashion economy.

    According to this initiative, the entire fashion industry needs to re-design its operating model. As the industry transforms into a circular system, it will be able to unlock various economic opportunities.

    The circular economy is an academic alternative to a traditional economy which is linear, where you produce, consume and throw away. In the circular economy scenario, you keep resources in use for as long as possible, and extract and harvest the maximum value from the products whilst in use. Then you recover and regenerate products and materials at the end of each service life and thereby you create a new business model. Something from nothing. From no value to value.

     

    The impact of circular fashion approach in fashion design:

    The fashion industry keeps focusing on fast fashion though linear production method. But the concept of Circular Fashion will alter the view and shape of designing. Apparently,  the fashion designers are thinking for the ideas of sustainable fashion and circular economy to merge. The changes need to bring in light of designing for the circular fashion as follows-
    Fashion Design promotes circular fashion economoy
    Designed so that its sub-components can be disassembled or separated to facilitate repair, remake, reuse and eventually material recycling at its end of use;

    Designed with high quality materials and in timeless style to maximize its durability, longevity and attractiveness to many users (if passed on to new users);

    Designed on demand (custom-made) in order to be more optimally designed for its specific user in terms of fabric/material, style and fit, thus increasing its perceived value and likely lifespan;

     

    The principles of circular economy need to consider in fashion design:

    Green Strategy, an innovation-driven and research-based consultancy firm specializing in sustainability and circularity issues of the fashion industry, has identified sixteen key principles to support and promote a more circular and sustainable fashion, apparel and textile industry:

        1. Design with a purpose
    Circular fashion design principles    2. Design for longevity
        3. Design for resource efficiency
        4. Design for biodegradability
        5. Design for recycle
        6. Source and produce locally
        7. Source and produce without toxicity
        8. Source and produce with efficiency
        9. Source and produce with renewable
        10. Source and produce with good ethics
        11. Provide services to support longer life
        12. Reuse, recycle or compost all remains
        13. Collaborate well and widely

    The first 13 principles are defined from a manufacturer’s perspective, and the other three are relevant to the consumer’s perspective.

        14. Use, wash and repair with care
        15. Consider loan, rent, swap or redesign instead of buying new
        16. Buy quality as opposed to quantity

     

    The advantages of circular fashion economy:


        – Reduced dependency on imported raw materials.
        – Creation of Eco-friendly industries and jobs.
        – Eco-friendly brands benefit from a better public image.
        – Reduction in environmental damage caused by resource extraction.

    However, this transformation is not possible with a single brand or individual. To actually make fashion circular, businesses, governments, citizens, and innovators have to join forces.  Make Fashion Circular initiative has already brought many industry leaders together including GAP, Burberry, H&M, Nike, and Stella McCartney.

    The Make Fashion Circular initiative is yet another signal that circular fashion is not just a trend, but a shift in the industry

    References:
    • https://circularfashion.com/circular-fashion-definition/
    • https://motif.org/news/circular-fashion-economy/https://www.thedailystar.net/opinion/perspective/circular-fashion-why-and-how-bangladesh-could-take-the-lead-1610374
    • http://www.greenstrategy.se/what-is-circular-fashion-2/
    • https://www.harpersbazaar.com/uk/fashion/a27189370/circular-fashion-definition/
    • The future of circular fashion report.

    Circular Fashion a New Concept of Sustainable Fashion Design | Circular Fashion Economy

    Posted by Sustainable Denim 2 comments

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    circular fashion
    By 2030 the world population will reach at 9 billion thus the natural will strive to meet the human demands and environment will receive huge negative impact of industrialization. The aim of the concept circular fashion is to ensure that the garments are made from safe and renewable materials and the old garments are processed into a new one.


     

    What is Circular Fashion?

    Dr Anna Brismar‘Circular fashion’ can be defined as clothes, shoes or accessories that are designed, sourced, produced and provided with the intention to be used and circulate responsibly and effectively in society for as long as possible in their most valuable form, and hereafter return safely to the biosphere when no longer of human use

    It is a somewhat broader term that ‘sustainable fashion’, as circular fashion combines the principles of both sustainability and circularity,” says Dr Anna Brismar.

    The concept ‘circular fashion’ was first introduced and used in 2014 by two persons, almost simultaneously and independently of each other. One of them was Dr. Anna Brismar, head and owner of the Swedish consultancy firm Green Strategy. Dr. Brismar used the term circular fashion for the first time in June 2014 at an early project meeting when planning for a sustainable fashion event in central Stockholm (thereafter named CIRCULAR FASHION – SHOW & TALK 2014).

    The another person was Felix Ockborn, at the time environmental sustainability coordinator for H&M in Stockholm. Felix used the term ‘circular fashion’ in its Swedish form, in his presentation Cirkulärt mode i globala värdekedjor at a seminar during Almedalsveckan on July 2, 2014.

     

    The Importance of Circular Fashion?

    Sustainability has never been important to consumers, nor to the fashion industry. But the new generation cares about the planet; and don’t want small animals to be choking on plastics they find in the oceans.

    Approximately 300,000 tones of unused clothes are binned, not recycled, every year across the globe. American Citizens only through their used cloths and other textiles to landfill which is approximately 26 billion pounds. Britain alone is expected to send 235million pieces of clothing to landfill every year.But the majority of aforementioned items could have been re-worn, reused or recycled.

    In order to consider it, a relatively unknown term is currently being introduced around the industry claiming to be the answer – circular fashion. It relates with the term circular economy concept (a new business model) - an economic system aimed at minimizing waste and ensuring the best use of resources. It challenges fashion’s linear production line that ends with clothes being discarded in landfill.

    Fast Fashion VS Circular Fashion:

    Fast fashion is a modern-day phenomenon. It follows a “take-make-dispose” pattern, and enables companies to market more, manufacturers to produce more, and consumers to purchase the new trends at cheap price. It seems a win-win situation but until we consider the true consequence of it.Fashion Fashion CycleCircular Fashion Wheel
                     Fast Fashion Cycle                                                           Circular Fashion Wheel
    A circular fashion industry is one that has a regenerative system in which cloths are circulated for as long as their maximum value is retained, and then returned safely to the biosphere when they are no longer of human use.

    Is circular fashion a new trend?

    The answer is “No”, it is a concept.

    The main goal of this initiative is to encourage the collaboration among the leaders of the textile industry, brands, innovators and stakeholders to move towards a circular fashion economy.

    According to this initiative, the entire fashion industry needs to re-design its operating model. As the industry transforms into a circular system, it will be able to unlock various economic opportunities.

    The circular economy is an academic alternative to a traditional economy which is linear, where you produce, consume and throw away. In the circular economy scenario, you keep resources in use for as long as possible, and extract and harvest the maximum value from the products whilst in use. Then you recover and regenerate products and materials at the end of each service life and thereby you create a new business model. Something from nothing. From no value to value.

     

    The impact of circular fashion approach in fashion design:

    The fashion industry keeps focusing on fast fashion though linear production method. But the concept of Circular Fashion will alter the view and shape of designing. Apparently,  the fashion designers are thinking for the ideas of sustainable fashion and circular economy to merge. The changes need to bring in light of designing for the circular fashion as follows-
    Fashion Design promotes circular fashion economoy
    Designed so that its sub-components can be disassembled or separated to facilitate repair, remake, reuse and eventually material recycling at its end of use;

    Designed with high quality materials and in timeless style to maximize its durability, longevity and attractiveness to many users (if passed on to new users);

    Designed on demand (custom-made) in order to be more optimally designed for its specific user in terms of fabric/material, style and fit, thus increasing its perceived value and likely lifespan;

     

    The principles of circular economy need to consider in fashion design:

    Green Strategy, an innovation-driven and research-based consultancy firm specializing in sustainability and circularity issues of the fashion industry, has identified sixteen key principles to support and promote a more circular and sustainable fashion, apparel and textile industry:

        1. Design with a purpose
    Circular fashion design principles    2. Design for longevity
        3. Design for resource efficiency
        4. Design for biodegradability
        5. Design for recycle
        6. Source and produce locally
        7. Source and produce without toxicity
        8. Source and produce with efficiency
        9. Source and produce with renewable
        10. Source and produce with good ethics
        11. Provide services to support longer life
        12. Reuse, recycle or compost all remains
        13. Collaborate well and widely

    The first 13 principles are defined from a manufacturer’s perspective, and the other three are relevant to the consumer’s perspective.

        14. Use, wash and repair with care
        15. Consider loan, rent, swap or redesign instead of buying new
        16. Buy quality as opposed to quantity

     

    The advantages of circular fashion economy:


        – Reduced dependency on imported raw materials.
        – Creation of Eco-friendly industries and jobs.
        – Eco-friendly brands benefit from a better public image.
        – Reduction in environmental damage caused by resource extraction.

    However, this transformation is not possible with a single brand or individual. To actually make fashion circular, businesses, governments, citizens, and innovators have to join forces.  Make Fashion Circular initiative has already brought many industry leaders together including GAP, Burberry, H&M, Nike, and Stella McCartney.

    The Make Fashion Circular initiative is yet another signal that circular fashion is not just a trend, but a shift in the industry

    References:
    • https://circularfashion.com/circular-fashion-definition/
    • https://motif.org/news/circular-fashion-economy/https://www.thedailystar.net/opinion/perspective/circular-fashion-why-and-how-bangladesh-could-take-the-lead-1610374
    • http://www.greenstrategy.se/what-is-circular-fashion-2/
    • https://www.harpersbazaar.com/uk/fashion/a27189370/circular-fashion-definition/
    • The future of circular fashion report.
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    Organic Denim and Jeans
    Cotton is the core fiber to produce Denim fabric. It is used to produce Denim fabric either using 100% of total fiber content or blends with some other fiber like polyester, spandex, viscose, modal and many more. Since the main raw material of Denim is cotton fiber thus the sustainable cotton is necessary to use in sustainable denim production. 


    Organic cotton is a sustainable source of cotton across the globe and it is growing only 1% among total amount of cotton produced in the world. Approximately 26 million tons of organic cotton in 35 countries were produced two years back. According to the Textile Exchange, the global market of organic cotton is $5.16 billion which is using in clothing and home textiles.


    What is Organic Cotton?

    Organic Cotton fiberThe cotton which is grown without using any synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides or defoliants and even without using any Genetically Modified Seeds (GMS). It is produced by following internationally recognized organic farming standards of the EU regulation 834/2007, the US national Organic Program, the Indian National Programme for Organic Production and the Japanese Agricultural Standard and are certified to be grown by the international certification body.  

    Organic cottons are grown without using artificial chemicals thus supporting biodiversity and biological cycles. This sustainable cotton fiber production is more environmentally friendly and better for the health of the community and for the local economy than Genetically Modified Cotton. The production process is a systemic approach which aims to establish a diverse and balanced farming ecosystem ideally including all types of crops and farming activities.

    Organic cotton is grown avoiding any toxic chemicals or GMS thus it has a low impact on the environment. The production process leaves the soil useful for other crops to supplement farmer's food and other income.

    Cotton is a thirsty fiber as it takes huge amount of water to be grown. Since organic cotton production process is free from using synthetic chemicals means no energy consumption to produce those substances and it is rain fed to large parts that means less irrigation and less strain on already water scarce areas. In contrast, the conventional cotton is a chemical intense process. These chemicals have dangerous negative impact on air, water and soil.

    Since clean dry denim fabric is one of the cornerstones of the most reputed mills and brands thus many of the the cotton Denims originate from certified organic farming.

    According to the study, to produce one pair of Jeans 10850 liters water is required and also causes 32.5 KG carbon-dioxide gas emission. If the Denims are produced with organic cotton then 3000 liters water can be saved as well as 2.5kg carbon-dioxide gas emission will be reduced.

    Organic Cotton VS Conventionally Grown Cotton

    A life cycle analysis comparing organic cotton with conventionally grown cotton made by Textile Exchange in 2014 shows that organic cotton has a 46% reduced global warming potential, 70% less acidification potential, 26% reduced eutrophication potential (soil erosion), 91% reduced blue water consumption and 62% reduced primary energy demand.

    Choosing organic cotton in Denim production means the reduction of environmental impact from the very first step in the process of making a pair of Jeans. The organic farming methods eradicate the risks associated with hazardous chemicals used in conventional cotton farming. This is not just for the people who are working in the fields but also for the soil as it is not contaminated by the toxic chemicals. Most of the organic cottons are produced in Turkey, India and small portion in China, according to the report.

    Also the brands and retailers check their organic cotton whether it is from the source of Fair Trade to ensure fair working conditions and precise payment to the farmers for their cotton fiber.

    Who gives the certification of organic cotton?

    Internationally recognized certification body Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) and Organic Content Standard (OCS) provide the certificate by ensuring the cotton has been grown in sustainable way. Both GOTS and OCS run under Textile Exchange which is core organization of this function.

    References:

    https://www.nudiejeans.com/sustainability/organic-cotton
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/organic-cotton
    https://www.outlanddenim.com.au/blogs/news/indigo-goes-green-our-organic-denim-jeans

    Produce Sustainable Denim Using Organic Cotton | Organic Denim and Jeans

    Posted by Sustainable Denim No comments

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    Organic Denim and Jeans
    Cotton is the core fiber to produce Denim fabric. It is used to produce Denim fabric either using 100% of total fiber content or blends with some other fiber like polyester, spandex, viscose, modal and many more. Since the main raw material of Denim is cotton fiber thus the sustainable cotton is necessary to use in sustainable denim production. 


    Organic cotton is a sustainable source of cotton across the globe and it is growing only 1% among total amount of cotton produced in the world. Approximately 26 million tons of organic cotton in 35 countries were produced two years back. According to the Textile Exchange, the global market of organic cotton is $5.16 billion which is using in clothing and home textiles.


    What is Organic Cotton?

    Organic Cotton fiberThe cotton which is grown without using any synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides or defoliants and even without using any Genetically Modified Seeds (GMS). It is produced by following internationally recognized organic farming standards of the EU regulation 834/2007, the US national Organic Program, the Indian National Programme for Organic Production and the Japanese Agricultural Standard and are certified to be grown by the international certification body.  

    Organic cottons are grown without using artificial chemicals thus supporting biodiversity and biological cycles. This sustainable cotton fiber production is more environmentally friendly and better for the health of the community and for the local economy than Genetically Modified Cotton. The production process is a systemic approach which aims to establish a diverse and balanced farming ecosystem ideally including all types of crops and farming activities.

    Organic cotton is grown avoiding any toxic chemicals or GMS thus it has a low impact on the environment. The production process leaves the soil useful for other crops to supplement farmer's food and other income.

    Cotton is a thirsty fiber as it takes huge amount of water to be grown. Since organic cotton production process is free from using synthetic chemicals means no energy consumption to produce those substances and it is rain fed to large parts that means less irrigation and less strain on already water scarce areas. In contrast, the conventional cotton is a chemical intense process. These chemicals have dangerous negative impact on air, water and soil.

    Since clean dry denim fabric is one of the cornerstones of the most reputed mills and brands thus many of the the cotton Denims originate from certified organic farming.

    According to the study, to produce one pair of Jeans 10850 liters water is required and also causes 32.5 KG carbon-dioxide gas emission. If the Denims are produced with organic cotton then 3000 liters water can be saved as well as 2.5kg carbon-dioxide gas emission will be reduced.

    Organic Cotton VS Conventionally Grown Cotton

    A life cycle analysis comparing organic cotton with conventionally grown cotton made by Textile Exchange in 2014 shows that organic cotton has a 46% reduced global warming potential, 70% less acidification potential, 26% reduced eutrophication potential (soil erosion), 91% reduced blue water consumption and 62% reduced primary energy demand.

    Choosing organic cotton in Denim production means the reduction of environmental impact from the very first step in the process of making a pair of Jeans. The organic farming methods eradicate the risks associated with hazardous chemicals used in conventional cotton farming. This is not just for the people who are working in the fields but also for the soil as it is not contaminated by the toxic chemicals. Most of the organic cottons are produced in Turkey, India and small portion in China, according to the report.

    Also the brands and retailers check their organic cotton whether it is from the source of Fair Trade to ensure fair working conditions and precise payment to the farmers for their cotton fiber.

    Who gives the certification of organic cotton?

    Internationally recognized certification body Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) and Organic Content Standard (OCS) provide the certificate by ensuring the cotton has been grown in sustainable way. Both GOTS and OCS run under Textile Exchange which is core organization of this function.

    References:

    https://www.nudiejeans.com/sustainability/organic-cotton
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/organic-cotton
    https://www.outlanddenim.com.au/blogs/news/indigo-goes-green-our-organic-denim-jeans

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